Understanding The Root Canal And How Dental Problems Are Treated

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In a dental clinic, you will almost certainly hear the dentist say something about the root canal when they happen to mention decaying teeth. It is always good to know what is about to happen to your teeth when you visit a dentist.  Moreover, you should understand the causes of a particular dental problem so you can be able to avoid them in future. Understanding the anatomy of a root canal system sheds some light on its elementary features. As you read on, you will also learn about the important steps in the endodontic procedures.

Application of radiographs


Dentists analyze the root canal by taking a periapical radiograph. To build a three-dimensional picture in mind, a dentist may take other pictures of a tooth from slightly different angles. This gives the dentist a clear view of a tooth and its underlying problem. Whenever looking at a radiograph, what they see is a two-dimensional image of a three-dimensional object.

Dentists observe curves in mesio-distal plane and bucco-palatal plane to determine the nature of the problem. Therefore, it is good to get a good quality radiograph because it enables the dentist to know the number and length of roots in a particular tooth or teeth, curvature and thickness of roots, size and position of pulp chamber and the size of canals. In addition, radiographs show the parts of root canal that have issues.

Bacteria and root canal

When bacteria find their way inside the root canal, they cause endodontic diseases. Poor oral hygiene is among the leading causes of bacteria infestation in the root canal. Once a tooth has become infected, it gets a little harder to remove all the bacteria. Therefore, dentists aim to remove as many bacteria as they possibly can from the root canal system. Through the combination of chemical irrigants and mechanical instruments, they try to eliminate a greater percentage of bacteria in the root canal

Getting to the root of it all

The space inside the tooth is referred to as pulp chamber. It houses the entire root canal system and pulp. Pulp is the living tissue that keeps a tooth alive and kicking. In the pulp, you will find blood vessels, nerves and connective tissues.

When the pulp is inflamed or infected by bacteria, root canal or endodontic treatment becomes necessary. Infection in the root canal is a result of growth and multiplication of bacteria in it. Inflammation may result when you get a root fracture or tooth decay. Gum diseases also contribute to root canal problems. All these factors may lead to acute pulp inflammation. The inflammation usually causes swelling and pressure inside a tooth.

Root canal treatment

A dentist will carry out an examination and take x-ray for a tooth with an infected root canal. This helps the dentist determine the severity of the situation and the number of root canals for a problematic tooth. For simple cases, treatment for root canal in Mississauga can be done within a session. For complex case, the treatment may actually take longer than you imagine. Treatment involves numbing you with an anesthetic so a hole can be drilled into your tooth to access the infected pulp and decaying tissue.  After successful drilling into the tooth, the dentist cleans its using a special antiseptic fluid.

Dealing with a tooth after root canal treatment

After treatment, you are likely going to find your teeth more sensitive, particularly when brushing them. If you feel any soreness, you can alleviate the pain by taking painkillers. The most effective way to ensure that your tooth is healing well is to keep visiting the dentist for check-ups. Regular check-ups help you know how a recovering tooth is doing and if there is anything that needs to be one to improve the current situation.

Importance of root crown

It is possible to have root canal problems again. If a tooth is in a bad condition, it may require porcelain or a metal piece to act as its crown. Sometimes a large part of your tooth may be lost to decay or even through physical damage. Well, a dentist will put a supportive post into the root canal to help support the crown and keep it in place. Depending on the situation of your teeth, you dentist will recommend a treatment best suited for that particular condition.

When you have any of these problems, ensure you see a dentist as soon as possible. If you opt not to visit the dentist, you will be risking losing a tooth and even more giving the infection more room to spread. In the end, you will have to deal with several teeth extractions and gum infections. In terms of cost, it is actually expensive to treat very severe cases of dental problems. With a clear picture of the anatomy of root canal, you are in the right position to make the right choice for your teeth.

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